Pure ceramics is nowadays more and more replaced by cermet. It presents a non-metal structure based on pressed Zirconium.
Endodontic treatment appears to be treatment of the tooth nerve in root canals with pulpit, periodontitis, or gangrene, and consisting in cleaning, mechanic and chemical treatment, and filling-in of the canals through different methods.
Difference between mobile and stationary prosthetics
The partial and total tooth prostheses enter the number of mobile prosthetics, which the Patient can remove and clean daily on his own, while the crown and bridge prosthesis structures relate to the stationary ones, which are cemented fixedly in the mouth cavity of the Patient.
Implants are screws, which are fixed in the jaw of the Patient and replace the roots of the missing teeth. However, artificial crowns or bridge prosthesis structures can be set out of them, depending on each specific case. They are quite suitable for Patients lacking root teeth, because they help such Patients avoid mobile prostheses.
The Insert presents itself a filling, prepared in the Dental Laboratory from different materials – ceramics, metal, polymers – that cements the tooth fixedly. It is suitable for large loss of solid tooth tissues.
The Facet presents itself a semi-crown, made in the Dental Laboratory from ceramics, which is stuck on a sparing filed or filled-in intact tooth. It is suitable, when better aesthetics in the front section are necessary.
Caries – an infectious disease, caused by bacteria located in the tooth plaque (deposition on the surface of the teeth). With the reception of carbohydrates, these bacteria form acid, bringing, on its part, to the dissolution of the mineral content of the tooth. The process is named demineralisation and appears the main reason for the formation of tooth caries. Usually the Patient feels pain when taking cold and sweet products, which pain passes out with the elimination of the teaser. Food is deposed in the cavity thus formed. If not treated, caries brings to the development of other teeth diseases, e.g. pulpits and periodontitis, and the latter are related to even more unpleasant experience for the Patient, and more complex treatment.
Pulpit – there is a cavity deep in the tooth, in which the pulp of the tooth is situated. The chamber of the pulp is situated in the crown, while the root canals of the pulp are situated in the roots. Nerves, blood vessels, cells and the main environment are situated there. Later on, this tissue becomes inflammated (caries being most often the reason), and this is called pulpit. Pulpit is not always painful, for which reason it may remain not treated timely. If pulpit remains untreated, however, it may bring to the development of periodontitis.
Periodontitis – the inflammation has already passed from the tooth pulp to the tissue around the tooth. A cavity is formed around the tooth roots, which is full of inflammated tissue. The process may pass chronically without any symptoms whatsoever, which does not mean that no problem with the teeth exists. With exacerbation, oedema and strong pain appear. The development of a cyst is possible. Without timely treatment it is possible for the extraction (cleaning) of the tooth to become inevitable.
Gingivitis – the inflammation of the gums originating, as a rule, from the tooth plaque, which precipitates on the surface of the teeth when eating. Bacteria are situated there, bringing to inflammation of the gums, due to the lack of hygiene of the mouth cavity. The symptoms – reddening, bleeding, bad smell of the mouth, pain, etc. In addition, other reasons for the development of gingivitis are possible such as, for example, reception of certain medicines or specific conditions and diseases.
Periodontitis – where the inflammation of the gums enters the bone, periodontitis develops. It may encompass single teeth (periodontal pockets) or a group of teeth. With the development of the process, the teeth start decaying, and this may lead to their total loss. The process is irreversible but it is possible to stabilise such state, and avoid the loss of the teeth. Bleeding, mobility of the teeth, pain – these are the common symptoms. This is a serious disease, occurring as the main reason for teeth extraction. In order to prevent the appearance and development of periodontitis, everyone should maintain flawless hygiene of his/her mouth cavity.
Broken teeth – if a tooth becomes affected by a virulent process, this may bring to its either partial or full destruction disallowing any recovery through fillings. The only means of recovery of the normal form and functioning of the tooth is the putting of a crown.
Missing teeth – the missing of one or more teeth may cause disturbance of the functioning of the whole chewing apparatus, which will need urgent elimination of the defect. Otherwise more serious problems may occur with the rest of the teeth, the gums, and the lower jaw joints.
Hopeless teeth – with most diseases, which have not been treated at the right time, there comes a time, where every treatment is already without any positive result. The only outcome is then extraction (cleaning) of the tooth. These diseases may be connected both with the teeth themselves and with the tissue surrounding them – the gums, the bone. After the extraction of the tooth, the occurring defect shall have to be treated.
Root teeth (Molars) – These are teeth with a more specific anatomy and disposition, which sometimes disallow their normal growing and functioning. This can bring to their extraction. It can be undertaken as an operation, and carry all risks and possible complications as with the extraction of other teeth. The decision for pulling-out of molars shall be taken by the Dentist based on clinical and X-Ray examinations, with appraisal of the general state.
Other – there exist a number of other diseases needing surgical interventions (e.g. cysts, tumours, orthodontic indications, etc.)
Deviations in the disposition of the teeth – teeth may be observed with disposition other than normal – turned, sticking, overlapping, etc. Such deformations seem only aesthetic but they often bring to functional disturbance, which needs treatment. In the course of time, some of these dispositions may turn normal on their own.
Malocclusion – there exist different types of states with malocclusion. These bring to functional and aesthetic disturbances of the chewing apparatus.
Treatment – the treatment of the above-described diseases is strictly specific, and shall be performed by a Specialist Orthodontist. It is important that treatment start as early as possible, so that the correction of the deformation becomes full and constant. Parents must regularly take their kids to prophylactic examinations, no matter how young their age is.
Orthodontic treatment may be carried out at any age, using the right methods.